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Biomedical Sciences (BMS)

Course Descriptions

Predoctoral Courses

BMS 120. Genetics. 0.7 Units.

Introduction to genetics, hereditary medicine, genetics assessment, and genetics and diseases.

BMS 121. Clinical Pharmacology and Pathology. 3 Units.

This course focuses on the action of therapeutic drugs on dental patients. In addition, the most commonly found pathologic lesions (red and white, ulcerative, etc) will be discussed. This three-quarter course covers the general principles of drug action, including drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and pharmacodynamics of important therapeutic drug categories in combination with the most commonly found oral lesions. The dental implications of therapeutic drugs and commonly found oral lesions will be emphasized and discussed using a seminar, case-based format. (IDS Quarters 1, 2 and 3).

BMS 122. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment Planning. 1 Unit.

This course is meant to integrate and apply various disciplines to the diagnosis and treatment planning process. In this interactive class, students will be presented cases with medical-dental, anatomic, pain problems, and psychological issues to discuss. Students in small groups will workup cases and present their diagnostic conclusions and treatment plans to the larger group. The faculty will facilitate and provide feedback on the student conclusions and plans. Students will learn: Commonly encountered medical problems, system disorders, and potential drug interactions in practice and the modifications to be considered in treatment decisions. The anatomy of the oromaxillofacial complex and its relationship to diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis of orofacial lesions and TMD dysfunction and their effect on treatment The role of the specialist in the diagnostic process and when to consult or refer patients to specialists in patient care. (IDS Quarter 4).

BMS 123. Anatomy and Histology. 5 Units.

The student will gain an understanding of functional histology and gross anatomy of the human body as appropriate for professional health care providers. Emphasis will be on the integration of anatomical knowledge at all levels and its correlation with basic clinical medicine relevant to dentistry.

BMS 124. Applied Biochemistry. 2 Units.

The study of major molecular structures and processes of the human organism. Muscles, neurons, action potentials, extracellular matrix. Additional topics covered are enzymes, pharmacology, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, anesthesia, and pain.

BMS 130. Applied Physiology. 2 Units.

Clinical application of physiology based on integrated basic biomedical science, including Physiology, Biochemistry, Anatomy and Histology; with specific focus on urinary system, blood vessels and lymphoid organs, heart, GI tract, liver, pancreas, gall bladder, airways and endocrinology.

BMS 133. Applied Orofacial Anatomy. 7 Units.

The student will gain a fundamental understanding of head and neck embryology, gross anatomy, oral histology and oral biology as is appropriate for dental healthcare providers. Emphasis will be placed on the integration of anatomical and functional histological knowledge of the orofacial complex at all levels with basic clinical dentistry and medicine. The establishment of clinical correlations with radiographic interpretation, local anesthesia administration and the overall health will be a strength of this course. Also covered are salivary glands, biochemistry of saliva, structure of hydroxyapatite, mineralization, and salivary diagnostics.

BMS 220. Pharmacology. 5 Units.

Introduction to pharmacology. Pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; local anesthesia; analgesics; prescription writing; anxiolytics; cardiovascular pharmacology; drug interactions; antibiotics; autonomics; immunopharmacology; drugs and hematology, pregnancy, aging; asthma and COPD; antihistamines; corticosteroids; calcium regulation; antifungals, antivirals; alternative therapy; gastrointestinal pharmacology; nitrous; anticancer drugs; general anesthetics; thyroid drugs; neuromuscular; anti-Parkinsons, anti-Alzheimers; psychosis; anti-seizures; anti-sposmatic; substance abuse; opioid crisis; diabetes.

BMS 232. Immunology & Microbiology. 3 Units.

Introduction to immunology and microbiology, immunity to infection, oral microbiology and immunology, and dental plaque.

BMS 233. Virology & Mycology. 1 Unit.

Introduction to virology and mycology, immunity to viral and fungal infection, oral virology and mycology.

Graduate Courses

AN 410. Advanced Head and Neck Anatomy I. 1 Unit.

This course presents head and neck anatomy in depth to provide residents essential foundation for dental procedures. The development of normal and pathological craniofacial shapes, as well as anatomical structures relevant for implant placement, are discussed in detail. (Quarter 1.).

BC 414. Biochemistry and Bioengineering I. 1 Unit.

Residents learn how to assess biocompatibility and longevity of various materials in contact with body fluid and tissues. This course also covers biofilm formation and removal from oral biomaterials. (Quarter 2.).

BMS 401. Research Philosophy and Design I. 1 Unit.

In this two-quarter foundational course, students learn about hypothesis-driven research, including hypothesis development and significance testing. (Quarter 1.).

BMS 411. Stem Cell Biology I. 1 Unit.

In this two-quarter course, residents discuss in detail current research on cell populations, their properties, and possible application routes--the foundation of modern biology-driven endodontic therapy. Treatment possibilities for immature teeth and other applications in regenerative endodontics are presented. (Quarter 2.).

BMS 412. Topics in Oral Biology I. 1 Unit.

This course covers the interaction of pulpal and periapical tissues with medicaments such as bisphosphonates or TNF-alpha blocking antibodies, the effects of systemic diseases such as HIV, diabetes or sclerodermia on oral tissues, and other common issues in endodontics. (Quarter 4.).

BMS 414. Oral Biology Journal Club I. 3 Units.

This course features discussion of papers on a variety of topics in oral biology.(Quarters 2-4.).

BMS 440. Thesis Protocol. 1 Unit.

In this independent-study research course, residents work with mentor(s) to develop research questions, formulate hypotheses, and write a formal research proposal that includes a full literature review, statement of material and methods, execution of the research, and appropriate analysis and interpretation of data. (Quarter 2.).

BMS 450. Research Project I. 3 Units.

In this independent-study research course, residents work with research mentors to perform the research project, including data gathering, complilation, and interpretation of the results. The course will culminate in a publishable manuscript.(Quarters 1-4.).

BMS 502. Biomedical Science. 1 Unit.

The course will review the embryology, anatomy, bone biology, microbiology, immunology, pathology for dental profession. Emphasis will be on the integration of biomedical sciences knowledge and their relationship with oral health in clinical orthodontics.

BMS 512. Topics in Oral Biology II. 1 Unit.

This course covers the interaction of pulpal and periapical tissues with medicaments such as bisphosphonates or TNF-alpha blocking antibodies, the effects of systemic diseases such as HIV, diabetes or sclerodermia on oral tissues, and other common issues in endodontics. (Quarter 8.).

BMS 514. Oral Biology Journal Club II. 3 Units.

Residents read and discuss current literature on a range of oral biology topics. (Quarters 6-8.).

BMS 550. Research Project II. 3 Units.

In this independent-study research course, residents work with research mentors to perform the research project, including data gathering, complilation, and interpretation of the results. The course will culminate in a publishable manuscript. (Quarters 5-8.).

BMS 651. Manuscript Preparation. 3 Units.

Residents prepare the final version of a publishable manuscript. (Quarter 9.).

MC 404. Host Response I. 1 Unit.

This course extends basic immunology to the etiology of pulpal and periapical disease focusing on the host response. The role of inflammatory mediators and the cells that elaborate them is discussed. (Quarter 1.).

MC 424. Oral Microbiology I. 1 Unit.

Residents learn about microbial structure, metabolism, genetics, and virulence factors; molecular diagnostics and recombinant DNA technology; pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical syndromes, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases. (Quarter 2.).

MC 504. Host Response II. 1 Unit.

This course extends from basic immunology to the etiology of pulpal and periapical disease focusing on the host response. The role of inflammatory mediators and the cells that elaborate them will be discussed. (Quarter 5.).

PG 420. Advanced Pharmacology I. 1 Unit.

Local anesthesia and pain management of acute and chronic pain are main components of this lecture series, with specific emphasis on endodontics. Infection control, including biochemistry and side effects, is also presented. (Quarter 1.).

PG 520. Advanced Pharmacology II. 1 Unit.

Local anesthesia and pain management of acute and chronic pain are two main components of this lecture series, with specific emphasis on endodontics. Infection control, including biochemistry and side effects, is also presented. (Quarter 5.).