Units of Credit
One unit of credit is awarded for ten hours of lecture or seminar, twenty hours of laboratory or clinic, or thirty hours of independent study per term. In the predoctoral programs (DDS and IDS), students are assigned to comprehensive care clinics for approximately 650 hours during the second year and 1,000 hours during the third, in addition to specialty clinic rotations. Units of credit are assigned in the comprehensive care clinical disciplines in proportion to the amount of time an average student spends providing specific types of care for assigned patterns.
Full-time enrollment in the predoctoral programs at the School of Dentistry (DDS and IDS) is defined as 16 or more units per term. Full-time enrollment in the graduate residency programs in orthodontics and endodontics is defined as 20 or more units per term. All residents in the Advanced Education in General Dentistry are considered full time.
Endodontic residents participate in a comprehensive 27-month program designed to provide in-depth clinical training in endodontics, supported by a solid foundation of coursework in the biologic principles that uphold the specialty. In addition to a curriculum that nurtures the clinician-scientist, the program offers clinical experiences with an extensive patient demographic supported by the School of Dentistry and a community dental clinic that is part of an expansive health care network in the East San Francisco Bay Area. Each resident will also engage in an investigative project and complete an acceptable thesis to qualify for the Master of Science in Dentistry degree. The thesis is typically submitted for publication in scientific journals. Classes begin each July. Residents are scheduled for classroom and clinical instruction five full days (and some evenings) per week and full participation is required.
The graduate program in endodontology is fully accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation.
More information on the program, including admissions requirements, curriculum and schedule, graduation and certification requirements are available here.
Graduates of Advanced Education Program in Endodontology will:
- Achieve a full range of endodontic care experiences, including but not limited to diagnosis and treatment planning for patients of all ages.
- Be equipped with the necessary manual and cognitive skills for the changing marketplace in private practice now and in the foreseeable future.
- Incorporate during their practice an in-depth knowledge of the biologic and technical aspects of maintaining, replacing, and enhancing the natural dentition, including mechanisms for enhanced tissue healing and tissue regeneration on areas relevant to endodontics.
- Emphasize the interrelationship among the biomedical and clinical sciences and their application to clinical practice.
- Be prepared to practice evidence-based endodontics in both simple and complex cases.
- Exercise the five principles of ethics in their practice.
- Have detailed knowledge in:
- Anatomy (gross and micro) of soft and hard tissues of the head and neck relevant for endodontic diagnostics, successful anesthesia and surgical procedures.
- Pathophysiology of the pulpal/periradicular disease
- Infectious and immunologic processes in oral health and disease
- Wound healing
- Oral medicine and oral pathology
- Research methodology and statistics
- Have in-depth proficiency in:
- Diagnosis, treatment planning and prognosis
- Non-surgical and surgical endodontic treatment and retreatment
- A variety of endodontic techniques
- Outcome evaluation
- Radiography and other diagnostic imaging technologies
- Management of endodontic treatment of medically compromised patients
- Emergency treatment for endodontic conditions for consultations and treatment if needed.
- Management of patients with orofacial pain and anxiety
- Preparation of space for intraradicular restorations in endodontically treated teeth
- Communication with patients and health care professionals to effectively and formally verbalize knowledge of endodontics, clinical therapies, treatment plans and related diseases to others
- Use of magnification technologies such as operating microscopes and cameras for documentation.
- Have in-depth proficiency in:
- Vital pulp management
- Endodontic management of developing permanent teeth
- Revascularization/regenerative endodontics
- Intracoronal bleaching procedures
- Endodontic management of traumatic dental injuries
- Have in-depth competency in:
- Diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease and defects in conjunction with the treatment of the specified tooth undergoing endodontic therapy; treatment provided in consultation with the individuals who will assume the responsibility for the completion or supervision of any additional periodontal maintenance or treatment
- Placement of intraradicular restorations and cores in endodontically treated teeth; and when the patient is referred, this treatment is accomplished in consultation with the restorative dentist
- Implant dentistry
- Extrusion procedures
- Have in-depth knowledge of the:
- History of endodontics
- Teaching methodology
- Jurisprudence and risk management
- Practice management
- Medical emergencies
- Acquire in-depth knowledge of classic and contemporary literature to help graduates critically evaluate the dental literature and provide theoretical bases for diagnostics, techniques and procedures, management, successes, and failures/complications in the clinical practice of non-surgical and surgical endodontic therapy.
- Make or respond to all appropriate consultation requests and demonstrate professionalism, rapport and cooperation with professional colleagues.
- Maintain a patient list in the approved electronic health record for follow-up of patients to enable graduates to assess the outcome of their treatment.
- Demonstrate competency in using clinical management software like axiUm to maintain a comprehensive records of history, diagnosis and treatment of each patient.
- Teach endodontics to predoctoral and/or postdoctoral students in a clinical setting.
- Possess sufficient knowledge and clinical experiences to become proficient in diagnostic data collection, pulpal and periradicular diagnosis treatment planning and treatment sequencing for complicated patients.
- Accomplish a research project and present a thesis monograph in written form, submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed endodontic journal and present a summary of the findings in oral form and defense of the thesis in a colloquium
- Develop and update treatment approach documents for each of the board case categories that must be evidence based.
- Submit 10 board level cases that follows current ABE criteria; both an electronic and a print-out version
- Be eligible to sit for the certifying Boards of the American Board of Endodontists
Please note: Courses are taught on a permanent or interim (continuing) basis. Course numbers followed by the letter 'I' indicate interim courses which are taught over two or more quarters. Units assigned to interim courses build upon each preceding quarter's unit value and culminate in a final and permanent unit value. The final unit value is transcripted with the permanent course.
|Summer Quarter (1)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|AN 410||Advanced Head and Neck Anatomy I||1||0|
|BMS 401||Research Philosophy and Design I||1||0|
|BMS 450I||Research Project I||1||0|
|DS 430||Advanced Oral Pathology I||1||0|
|DS 460||Advanced Radiology I||1||0|
|EN 401||Endodontic Technology I||1||0|
|EN 402I||Endodontic Therapy Seminar I||1||0|
|EN 403I||Endodontic Biology and Pathology I||2||0|
|EN 405||Advanced Endodontic Technique||0||8|
|EN 411I||Case Seminar I||3||0|
|EN 412I||Classic Literature I||3||0|
|EN 413I||Current Literature I||1||0|
|EN 424||Pain/Neuro Seminar I||1||0|
|EN 440I||Special Topics in Endodontology I||1||0|
|EN 457||Endodontic Clinic: Assisting||0||1|
|MC 404||Host Response I||1||0|
|OS 434||Implant Seminar I||1||0|
|PG 420||Advanced Pharmacology I||1||0|
|Autumn Quarter (2)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BC 414||Biochemistry and Bioengineering I||1||0|
|BMS 411||Stem Cell Biology I||1||0|
|BMS 414I||Oral Biol Journal I||1||0|
|BMS 440||Thesis Protocol||1||0|
|BMS 450I||Research Project I||1||0|
|EN 402||Endodontic Therapy Seminar I||2||0|
|EN 403I||Endodontic Biology and Pathology I||4||0|
|EN 411I||Case Seminar I||6||0|
|EN 412I||Classic Literature I||6||0|
|EN 413I||Current Literature I||2||0|
|EN 422||Clinical Transition: Evidence-based Endodontics||4||0|
|EN 423||Anesthesia and Pain Management I||1||0|
|EN 440||Special Topics in Endodontology I||2||0|
|EN 458I||Clinical Endodontics I||0||8.5|
|EN 459I||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery I||0||1|
|MC 424||Oral Microbiology I||1||0|
|PRD 484||Biomaterials I||1||0|
|Winter Quarter (3)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BMS 414I||Oral Biol Journal I||2||0|
|BMS 450I||Research Project I||2||0|
|DS 402||Statistical Methods I||1||0|
|EN 403I||Endodontic Biology and Pathology I||6||0|
|EN 411I||Case Seminar I||9||0|
|EN 412I||Classic Literature I||9||0|
|EN 413I||Current Literature I||3||0|
|EN 458I||Clinical Endodontics I||0||16.5|
|EN 459I||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery I||0||2|
|EN 466||Special Care Clinic Rotation||0||1|
|EN 567I||Endodontics at La Clinica II||0||4|
|Spring Quarter (4)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BMS 412||Topics in Oral Biology I||1||0|
|BMS 414||Oral Biology Journal Club I||3||0|
|BMS 450||Research Project I||3||0|
|EN 403||Endodontic Biology and Pathology I||8||0|
|EN 411||Case Seminar I||12||0|
|EN 412||Classic Literature I||12||0|
|EN 413||Current Literature I||4||0|
|EN 430||Clinic Connections I||1||0|
|EN 458||Clinical Endodontics I||0||23.5|
|EN 459||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery I||0||3|
|EN 567I||Endodontics at La Clinica II||0||8|
|OS 439||Advanced Oral Surgery and Implantology I||0||3|
|Summer Quarter (5)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BMS 550I||Research Project II||1||0|
|DS 530||Advanced Oral Pathology II||1||0|
|EN 503I||Endodontic Biology and Pathology II||2||0|
|EN 511I||Case Seminar II||3||0|
|EN 512I||Classic Literature II||3||0|
|EN 513I||Current Literature II||1||0|
|EN 558I||Clinical Endodontics II||0||5|
|EN 559I||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery II||0||1|
|EN 567I||Endodontics at La Clinica II||0||16|
|MC 504||Host Response II||1||0|
|PG 520||Advanced Pharmacology II||1||0|
|Autumn Quarter (6)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BMS 514I||Oral Biol Journal II||1||0|
|BMS 550I||Research Project II||1||0|
|EN 503I||Endodontic Biology and Pathology II||4||0|
|EN 511I||Case Seminar II||6||0|
|EN 512I||Classic Literature II||6||0|
|EN 513I||Current Literature II||2||0|
|EN 558I||Clinical Endodontics II||0||12|
|EN 559I||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery II||0||2|
|EN 567I||Endodontics at La Clinica II||0||24|
|EN 571I||Predoctoral Instruction||1||0|
|Winter Quarter (7)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BMS 514I||Oral Biol Journal II||2||0|
|BMS 550I||Research Project II||2||0|
|EN 503I||Endodontic Biology and Pathology II||6||0|
|EN 511I||Case Seminar II||9||0|
|EN 512I||Classic Literature II||9||0|
|EN 513I||Current Literature II||3||0|
|EN 558I||Clinical Endodontics II||0||21.5|
|EN 559I||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery II||0||3|
|EN 567I||Endodontics at La Clinica II||0||28|
|EN 571I||Predoctoral Instruction||3||0|
|Spring Quarter (8)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BMS 512||Topics in Oral Biology II||1||0|
|BMS 514||Oral Biology Journal Club II||3||0|
|BMS 550||Research Project II||3||0|
|EN 503||Endodontic Biology and Pathology II||8||0|
|EN 511||Case Seminar II||12||0|
|EN 512||Classic Literature II||12||0|
|EN 513||Current Literature II||4||0|
|EN 530||Clinic Connections II||1||0|
|EN 558||Clinical Endodontics II||0||30.5|
|EN 559||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery II||0||4|
|EN 567||Endodontics at La Clinica II||0||32|
|EN 571||Predoctoral Instruction||4||0|
|Summer Quarter (9)||Didactic Units||Lab/Clinic Units|
|BMS 651||Manuscript Preparation||3||0|
|EN 611||Case Seminar III||3||0|
|EN 613||Current Literature III||1||0|
|EN 658||Clinical Endodontics III||0||9|
|EN 659||Clinical Endodontics: Surgery III||0||1|
|EN 671||Residency Instruction||2||0|
|EN 684||ABE Seminar||1||0|