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Units of Credit

One unit of credit is awarded for ten hours of lecture or seminar, twenty hours of laboratory or clinic, or thirty hours of independent study per term. In the predoctoral programs (DDS and IDS), students are assigned to comprehensive care clinics for approximately 500 hours during the second year and 1,000 hours during the third, in addition to specialty clinic rotations. Units of credit are assigned in the comprehensive care clinical disciplines in proportion to the amount of time students spend providing specific types of care for assigned patterns.

Full-time enrollment in the predoctoral programs at the School of Dentistry (DDS and IDS) is defined as 16 or more units per term.  Full-time enrollment in the graduate residency programs in orthodontics and endodontics is defined as 20 or more units per term.  For the graduate certificate programs in Advanced Education in General Dentistry and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, full-time enrollment is defined as 16 or more units per term.

Personalized Instructional Program

Beginning with the DDS class of 2020 and IDS class of 2019, successful completion of a Personalized Instructional Program (PIP) is required for graduation. This is reflected on the transcript as a stand-alone course (SL 999) with comments indicating customized detail. Unit values will vary based upon contact hours.

Endodontic residents participate in a comprehensive 27-month program designed to provide in-depth clinical training in endodontics, supported by a solid foundation of coursework in the biologic principles that uphold the specialty.  In addition to a curriculum that nurtures the clinician-scientist, the program offers clinical experiences with an extensive patient demographic supported by the School of Dentistry and a community dental clinic that is part of an expansive health care network in the East San Francisco Bay Area.  Each resident will also engage in an investigative project and complete an acceptable thesis to qualify for the Master of Science in Dentistry degree. The thesis is typically submitted for publication in scientific journals.  Classes begin each July.  Residents are scheduled for classroom and clinical instruction five full days (and some evenings) per week and full participation is required.

The graduate program in endodontology is fully accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation.  

More information on the program, including admissions requirements, curriculum and schedule, graduation and certification requirements are available here.

Graduates of Advanced Education Program in Endodontology will:

  • Achieve a full range of endodontic care experiences, including but not limited to diagnosis and treatment planning for patients of all ages.
  • Be equipped with the necessary manual and cognitive skills for the changing marketplace in private practice now and in the foreseeable future.
  • Incorporate during their practice an in-depth knowledge of the biologic and technical aspects of maintaining, replacing, and enhancing the natural dentition, including mechanisms for enhanced tissue healing and tissue regeneration on areas relevant to endodontics.
  • Emphasize the interrelationship among the biomedical and clinical sciences and their application to clinical practice.
  • Be prepared to practice evidence-based endodontics in both simple and complex cases.
  • Exercise the five principles of ethics in their practice.
  • Have detailed knowledge in:
    • Anatomy (gross and micro) of soft and hard tissues of the head and neck relevant for endodontic diagnostics, successful anesthesia and surgical procedures.
    • Pathophysiology of the pulpal/periradicular disease
    • Infectious and immunologic processes in oral health and disease
    • Embryology
    • Wound healing
    • Oral medicine and oral pathology
    • Pharmacotherapeutics
    • Research methodology and statistics
    • Neurosciences
    • Biomaterials
  • Have in-depth proficiency in:
    • Diagnosis, treatment planning and prognosis
    • Non-surgical and surgical endodontic treatment and retreatment
    • A variety of endodontic techniques
    • Outcome evaluation
    • Radiography and other diagnostic imaging technologies
    • Management of endodontic treatment of medically compromised patients
    • Emergency treatment for endodontic conditions for consultations and treatment if needed.
    • Management of patients with orofacial pain and anxiety
    • Preparation of space for intraradicular restorations in endodontically treated teeth
    • Communication with patients and health care professionals to effectively and formally verbalize knowledge of endodontics, clinical therapies, treatment plans and related diseases to others
    • Use of magnification technologies such as operating microscopes and cameras for documentation.
  • Have in-depth proficiency in:
    • Vital pulp management
    • Endodontic management of developing permanent teeth
    • Revascularization/regenerative endodontics
    • Intracoronal bleaching procedures
    • Endodontic management of traumatic dental injuries
  • Have in-depth competency in:
    • Diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease and defects in conjunction with the treatment of the specified tooth undergoing endodontic therapy;  treatment provided in consultation with the individuals who will assume the responsibility for the completion or supervision of any additional periodontal maintenance or treatment
    • Placement of intraradicular restorations and cores in endodontically treated teeth; and when the patient is referred, this treatment is accomplished in consultation with the restorative dentist
    • Implant dentistry
    • Extrusion procedures
  • Have in-depth knowledge of the:
    • History of endodontics
    • Teaching methodology
    • Jurisprudence and risk management
    • Practice management
    • Medical emergencies
  • Acquire in-depth knowledge of classic and contemporary literature to help graduates critically evaluate the dental literature and provide theoretical bases for diagnostics, techniques and procedures, management, successes, and failures/complications in the clinical practice of non-surgical and surgical endodontic therapy.
  • Make or respond to all appropriate consultation requests and demonstrate professionalism, rapport and cooperation with professional colleagues.
  • Maintain a patient list in the approved electronic health record for follow-up of patients to enable graduates to assess the outcome of their treatment.
  • Demonstrate competency in using clinical management software like axiUm to maintain a comprehensive records of history, diagnosis and treatment of each patient.
  • Teach endodontics to predoctoral and/or postdoctoral students in a clinical setting.
  • Possess sufficient knowledge and clinical experiences to become proficient in diagnostic data collection, pulpal and periradicular diagnosis treatment planning and treatment sequencing for complicated patients.
  • Accomplish a research project and present a thesis monograph in written form, submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed endodontic journal and present a summary of the findings in oral form and defense of the thesis in a colloquium
  • Develop and update treatment approach documents for each of the board case categories that must be evidence based.
  • Submit 10 board level cases that follows current ABE criteria; both an electronic and a print-out version
  • Be eligible to sit for the certifying Boards of the American Board of Endodontists

Please note: Courses are taught on a permanent or interim (continuing) basis. Course numbers followed by the letter 'I' indicate interim courses which are taught over two or more quarters. Units assigned to interim courses build upon each preceding quarter's unit value and culminate in a final and permanent unit value. The final unit value is transcripted with the permanent course.

Year 1
Summer Quarter (1)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
AN 410Advanced Head and Neck Anatomy I10
BMS 401Research Philosophy and Design I10
BMS 450IResearch Project I10
DS 430Advanced Oral Pathology I10
DS 460Advanced Radiology I10
EN 401Endodontic Technology I10
EN 402IEndodontic Therapy Seminar I10
EN 403IEndodontic Biology and Pathology I20
EN 405Advanced Endodontic Technique08
EN 411ICase Seminar I30
EN 412IClassic Literature I30
EN 413ICurrent Literature I10
EN 424Pain/Neuro Seminar I10
EN 440ISpecial Topics in Endodontology I10
EN 457Endodontic Clinic: Assisting01
MC 404Host Response I10
OS 434IImplant Seminar I10
PG 420Advanced Pharmacology I10
Autumn Quarter (2)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BC 414Biochemistry and Bioengineering I10
BMS 411Stem Cell Biology I10
BMS 414IOral Biol Journal I10
BMS 414Oral Biology Journal Club I10
BMS 440Thesis Protocol10
BMS 450IResearch Project I10
EN 402Endodontic Therapy Seminar I20
EN 403IEndodontic Biology and Pathology I40
EN 411ICase Seminar I60
EN 412IClassic Literature I60
EN 413ICurrent Literature I20
EN 422Clinical Transition: Evidence-based Endodontics40
EN 423Anesthesia and Pain Management I10
EN 440Special Topics in Endodontology I20
EN 458IClinical Endodontics I06
EN 459IClinical Endodontics: Surgery I01
MC 424Oral Microbiology I10
OS 434IImplant Seminar I20
PRD 484Biomaterials I10
Winter Quarter (3)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BMS 414IOral Biol Journal I20
BMS 450IResearch Project I20
DS 402Statistical Methods I10
EN 403IEndodontic Biology and Pathology I60
EN 411ICase Seminar I90
EN 412IClassic Literature I90
EN 413ICurrent Literature I30
EN 458IClinical Endodontics I015
EN 459IClinical Endodontics: Surgery I02
EN 466Special Care Clinic Rotation01
OS 434IImplant Seminar I30
OS 439IAdvanced Oral Surgery and Implantology I30
Spring Quarter (4)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BMS 412Topics in Oral Biology I10
BMS 414Oral Biology Journal Club I30
BMS 450Research Project I30
EN 403Endodontic Biology and Pathology I80
EN 411Case Seminar I120
EN 412Classic Literature I120
EN 413Current Literature I40
EN 430Clinic Connections I10
EN 458Clinical Endodontics I025
EN 459Clinical Endodontics: Surgery I03
OS 434Implant Seminar I40
OS 439Advanced Oral Surgery and Implantology I60
Year 2
Summer Quarter (5)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BMS 550IResearch Project II10
DS 530Advanced Oral Pathology II10
EN 503IEndodontic Biology and Pathology II20
EN 511ICase Seminar II30
EN 512IClassic Literature II30
EN 513ICurrent Literature II10
EN 558IClinical Endodontics II09
EN 559IClinical Endodontics: Surgery II01
EN 567IEndodontics at La Clinica II07
MC 504Host Response II10
OS 534IImplant Seminar II10
PG 520Advanced Pharmacology II10
Autumn Quarter (6)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BMS 514IOral Biol Journal II10
BMS 550IResearch Project II10
EN 503IEndodontic Biology and Pathology II40
EN 511ICase Seminar II60
EN 512IClassic Literature II60
EN 513ICurrent Literature II20
EN 558IClinical Endodontics II020
EN 559IClinical Endodontics: Surgery II02
EN 567IEndodontics at La Clinica II014
EN 571IPredoctoral Instruction10
OS 534IImplant Seminar II20
Winter Quarter (7)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BMS 514IOral Biol Journal II20
BMS 550IResearch Project II20
EN 503IEndodontic Biology and Pathology II60
EN 511ICase Seminar II90
EN 512IClassic Literature II90
EN 513ICurrent Literature II30
EN 558IClinical Endodontics II031
EN 559IClinical Endodontics: Surgery II03
EN 567IEndodontics at La Clinica II02
EN 571IPredoctoral Instruction30
OS 534IImplant Seminar II30
Spring Quarter (8)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BMS 512Topics in Oral Biology II10
BMS 514Oral Biology Journal Club II30
BMS 550Research Project II30
EN 503Endodontic Biology and Pathology II80
EN 511Case Seminar II120
EN 512Classic Literature II120
EN 513Current Literature II40
EN 530Clinic Connections II10
EN 558Clinical Endodontics II042
EN 559Clinical Endodontics: Surgery II04
EN 567Endodontics at La Clinica II028
EN 571Predoctoral Instruction40
OS 534Implant Seminar II40
Year 3
Summer Quarter (9)Didactic UnitsLab/Clinic Units
BMS 651Manuscript Preparation30
EN 611Case Seminar III30
EN 613Current Literature III10
EN 658Clinical Endodontics III09
EN 659Clinical Endodontics: Surgery III01
EN 671Residency Instruction20
EN 684ABE Seminar30
OS 634Implant Seminar III10