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JD Concentrations

J.D. Concentration Programs

McGeorge's diverse electives and co-curricular offerings allow you to explore a variety of legal career opportunities. If you have a particular career path in mind, our concentrations will enhance your J.D. experience and allow you to master a specific practice area.

Questions?

Office of Student Affairs
Email | 916.739.7089

Business Concentration

The demands and complexities of a global economy require a strong basis in business law. Business Law Concentration students complete a series of courses designed to equip new lawyers with the skills and knowledge base to succeed in many types of business law careers. This concentration is for students interested in pursuing a general business law practice, or for those wanting to specialize in entertainment law, employment law, banking law, real estate law, or other types of business law.

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume. This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. Students must schedule an appointment with the Faculty Director to plan their required curriculum.

Requirements & Curriculum

Students must complete the required and elective courses designated below. With the approval of the Director of the Business Concentration, a tax or business course of at least two units, not included on the elective’s list, may be substituted. With prior written approval, the Concentration Director may vary the requirements of this program in individual cases for good cause.

A minimum of 12 units must be completed to qualify for the concentration.

Required Core Courses
LAW 151Business Associations4
Additional Core Courses (complete one course)
LAW 200Accounting for Lawyers2-3
LAW 225Bankruptcy2-3
LAW 260Commercial Law3
LAW 264Commercial Real Estate Transactions3
LAW 433Employment Law3
LAW 300Federal Income Taxation3
LAW 255Federal Securities Regulations3
LAW 675U.S. & International Sale of Goods2
Note: If more than one course is completed, the additional course(s) will apply towards the elective requirement.
ELECTIVE COURSES (complete three courses)
LAW 220Banking Law3
LAW 210Business Planning2-3
LAW 257Business Transactions: The Art of the Deal2
LAW 264Commercial Real Estate Transactions3
LAW 432Employment Law Practice2
LAW 211Entrepreneurial Management2-3
LAW 302Estate and Gift Tax/Estate Planning3
LAW 695Foreign Investment and Development3
LAW 630International Banking2
LAW 645International Trade- Public Aspects3
LAW 310Taxation of Corporations and Shareholders3
LAW 314Taxation of Partnerships and S Corporations3
LAW 325Taxation of Real Estate Transactions3
LAW 280U.S. Antitrust and International Competition Law2
LAW 375U.S. Taxation of International Transactions3
Externship with a business law focus (advanced written approval required)
12 units minimum

Capital Lawyering Concentration 

The Capital Lawyering Concentration is a 14-unit course of study and experiential learning, which students pursue at the same time as they earn the McGeorge J.D. degree. The Concentration is offered in conjunction with exclusive capital engagement and networking opportunities.

Capital Lawyering Concentration students complete a series of required and elective courses specially designed to train them to work in and around the California legislature in committees, in private firms that specialize in political law or lobbying, in nonprofit agencies that engage in issue advocacy, in local, state and federal agencies, and in law firms with regulatory practices in areas such as communications, energy, the environment, health and employment. The curriculum ensures that students graduate with real-life experience and on-the-job contacts within the government and public lawyering community. Students also participate in Capital Center student groups, attend Capital Center events, and network with the many Capital Alumni Chapter members in California, Washington, D.C., and elsewhere who work in government and public lawyering careers.

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume and Statement of Purpose (at least 200 words on why you want to obtain the concentration and how it fits into your career goals). This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. Students must schedule an appointment with the Faculty Director to plan their required curriculum and activities.

Requirements & Curriculum

Capital Lawyering students must complete a minimum of 14 units approved by the Concentration Director, with at least six (6) units being from elective courses. Interested students should submit an application early in law school, and meet with the Concentration Director to develop a course plan to best prepare for their specific Capital Lawyering career objectives.

Required Core Courses
LAW 517Statutes and Regulations3
LAW 576Intro to Capital Lawyering2
One Experiential Course, choose from:
LAW 820Administrative Adjudication Clinic2
LAW 853Legislative & Public Policy Clinic 22
Note: Evening students with day jobs that meet the requirements of the externship may receive a waiver of this requirement.
Students must take Lawmaking in California prior to, or concurrent with, the Clinic. 2
General Electives (complete at least 6 units) Strongly Recommended
LAW 500Administrative Law3
LAW 503Legislation and Statutory Interpretation3
LAW 802Negotiation and Settlements Seminar2 or 3
Electives By Level of Government Practice
LAW 822Lawmaking in California2
LAW 513California Lobbying & Politics2
Additional State Law Electives
LAW 568California Initiative Seminar 12
LAW 567Election Law2
LAW 922Pacific Legislative Law Review2
Local Law
LAW 560Land Use Planning2
LAW 209Local Agency Practice2
LAW 402Municipal Innovation Seminar2
LAW 561Representing Local Agencies1
NON-COURSES REQUIREMENTS
Capital Lawyering I, II, III Capital Lawyering students participate in a sequence of activities on campus and in the capital designed to introduce and prepare students to practice in the range of Capital Lawyering careers.
14 units minimum
Offered only when there is a California election with initiatives on the ballot. 1

Environmental Concentration

Environmental law lies at the intersection of environmental responsibility and society's use of and impact on the natural world. Local, national and international laws govern myriad aspects of environmental law and vary from an extremely specific to a very broad focus. The Environmental Concentration provides McGeorge students with an opportunity to deeply explore the body of knowledge necessary to pursue a career working in environmental issues or in environmental law.

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume and Statement of Purpose (at least 200 words on why you want to obtain the concentration and how it fits into your career goals). This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. Students must schedule an appointment with the Faculty Director to plan their required curriculum and activities.

Requirements and Curriculum

Students must complete the requirements listed below.

With prior written approval, the Concentration Director may vary the requirements of this program in individual cases for good cause. The Concentration requires a minimum of 13 units.

Requirement One

  • Complete both core courses, Administrative Law and Environmental Law, preferably during their second year if enrolled in the full-time day program, or their third year if enrolled in the part-time evening program.
  • Complete at least five (5) units of elective course offerings. Students are encouraged to participate in an Environmental Law Externship. A maximum of three (3) units may be earned toward the elective courses requirement in an Environmental Law Externship.
  • Complete the capstone seminar during their third year if enrolled in the full-time day program, or their fourth year if enrolled in the part-time evening program. The capstone seminar will be offered during the Spring semester and will require a substantial scholarly paper.
Required Core Course (complete both courses)
LAW 500Administrative Law3
LAW 507Environmental Law3
Capstone Courses
LAW 509Special Topics in Environmental Law2 or 3
ELECTIVE COURSES (complete 5 units)
Strongly Recommended
Externship with an environmental or water law focus (Advance written approval required; a maximum of three Externship units may be earned towards the elective courses requirement)3
Additional Electives
LAW 620International Environmental Law3
LAW 621International Water Resources Law Seminar3
LAW 560Land Use Planning2
LAW 510Natural Resources Law3
LAW 230Water Resources Law2-3
LAW 307Water and Environmental Research Seminar2-3
LAW 237Water Environmental Law Practice A3
LAW 235Water Environmental Law Practice B3
13 units minimum

Questions?

Contact Rachael Salcido, Director of the Environmental Law Concentration
rsalcido@pacific.edu | 916.739.7354

Health Concentration

Substantial changes in our dynamic healthcare system create job opportunities for health lawyers in a variety of settings. Students in this concentration gain a strong foundation in health law and policy. They acquire the professional skills to represent individual and institutional clients or to work for a state or federal regulatory agency. Because health law is interdisciplinary, students will have the opportunity to take courses with medical students as well as students in other disciplines. These opportunities provide students with insight into the professional and ethical challenges faced by those providing health care to their patients as well as understanding the importance of legal and regulatory compliance. Students will gain supervised, practical experience in a healthcare field placement or legal clinic.

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume and Statement of Purpose (at least 200 words on why you want to obtain the concentration and how it fits into your career goals). This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. Students must schedule an appointment with the Faculty Director to plan their required curriculum and activities.

Students must complete the required and elective courses designated below. With prior written approval, the Concentration Director may vary the requirements of this program in individual cases for good cause.

The Concentration requires a minimum of 13 units.

Required Core Courses (complete all)UNITS
LAW 500Administrative Law3
LAW 570Health Law3
Experiential Courses (complete one course)
Legal Clinic or Externship with a health law focus (advance written approval required)
ELECTIVE COURSES (complete one course)
LAW 573Bioethics and the Law1
LAW 745Elder Law and Social Policy3
LAW 533Global Health Law2
LAW 579Affordable Care Act Seminar2
LAW 710HIPAA Privacy - Health Law2
LAW 304Mental Health - Policy and Law2
LAW 578Navigating HR in Health Care2
LAW 572Public Health Law3
13 units minimum

Questions?

Contact Professors Emily Whelan Parento & Melissa Brown, Directors of the Health Concentration
Email | 916.739.7378

Intellectual Property Concentration

Intellectual property law is one of the most dynamic fields in the legal profession — for lawyers with and without undergraduate degrees in science. In order to meet the growing demand for lawyers in this area of practice, Pacific McGeorge offers courses in intellectual property law and a specialized curriculum leading to a J.D. degree with an Intellectual Property Concentration. Careers in Intellectual Property Law include:

  • Patent Lawyer
  • Copyright Lawyer
  • Entertainment Lawyer
  • Trademark Lawyer
  • Intellectual Property Litigator
  • Media Lawyer
  • Trademark Examiner
  • Patent Examiner
  • In-house Counsel for movie studios and biotech, publishing, software, and Internet companies
  • Artist's Representative

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume and Statement of Purpose (at least 200 words on why you want to obtain the concentration and how it fits into your career goals). This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. Students must schedule an appointment with the Faculty Director to plan their required curriculum and activities.

CORE COURSES (complete three courses)UNITS
LAW 265Copyright Law2-3
LAW 266Patent Law3
LAW 275Survey of Intellectual Property Law3
LAW 285Trademark Law2
ELECTIVE COURSES (complete two courses)
LAW 290Computer and Internet Law2-3
LAW 267Patent Prosecution2
LAW 297Sports Law2
LAW 280U.S. Antitrust and International Competition Law2
14 units minimum

Questions?

Contact Michael Mireles, Director of the Intellectual Property Concentration
Email | 916.739.7154

International Concentration

Globalization is transforming the practice of law, obliging an increasing proportion of legal professionals to learn how to respond to the challenges presented by transnational and intercultural practice. McGeorge’s International Concentration offers a strong foundation for a broad array of careers, whether your interests draw you toward public service or the private sector, to work abroad or in California, to litigation, transactions or a legislative/regulatory practice. Students who complete the concentration requirements will graduate with a solid grounding in public and private international law, in-depth exposure to at least one specialized doctrinal area, and advanced skills training that can help to provide a bridge to practice.

Explore an International Concentration

  • Requirements & Curriculum
  • International Concentration Faculty — Students are encouraged to consult with the Faculty Director of the Concentration Program, and with professors teaching any of the listed courses, to learn more about how the specific courses may further their academic interests and career goals. The Faculty Director, in consultation with the International Studies Committee, is authorized to approve appropriate substitutions of courses or units when necessary to accommodate the specific career goals and interests of individual students, as well as to provide academic counseling. Omar Dajani and Jarrod Wong are the Faculty Advisors for the International Concentration. If you are interested in the Concentration Program, you should contact Professors Dajani and Wong.

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume and Statement of Purpose (at least 200 words on why you want to obtain the concentration and how it fits into your career goals). This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. Students must schedule an appointment with the Faculty Director to plan their required curriculum and activities.

Related Activities

At McGeorge, you may interact with J.D. and LL.M. students from many other countries on campus. Students with an international interest participate in a number of co-curricular and extracurricular activities, including:

  • International Moot Court Competition Teams — Each year, McGeorge fields moot court competition teams in competitions whose subject matter involves international law issues. For the Jessup International Moot Court Competition, held each spring, students prepare a written brief and compete at oral argument on a dispute involving public international law. 
  • McGeorge International Law Society — McGeorge's International Law Society is a student organization that brings together those interested in international law. Members meet informally to discuss current international legal trends and the society sponsors speakers on current international topics. For example, the Society brought speakers from throughout North America to campus to discuss implications of NAFTA when it was near adoption.

Students must complete at least 15 units in the course categories designated below. With prior written approval, the Concentration Directors may vary the requirements of this program in individual cases for good cause.

CORE COURSES (9 units)UNITS
LAW 600Public International Law3
At least two of the following courses
LAW 625International Business Transactions3
LAW 647International Economic Law2
LAW 635Transnational Litigation3
SPECIALIZED DOCTRINAL COURSES (minimum 3 units)
LAW 042Central American Migration2
LAW 662Commercial Law for Foreign Investors in Guatemala2
LAW 401Comparative E.U. and U.S. Constitutional Law1
LAW 515Conflict of Laws3
LAW 403Corrupt Foreign Practices1
LAW 654European Union Law for International Business1
LAW 611Fundamental Rights in Europe and the United States2
LAW 404Global Infrastructure Development1
LAW 550Immigration Law and Policy3
LAW 630International Banking2
LAW 619International Criminal Law2-3
LAW 694International Dispute Resolution1
LAW 620International Environmental Law3
LAW 614International Protection of Human Rights3
LAW 705Introduction to Space Law1
LAW 695Foreign Investment and Development3
LAW 043U.S./Lat Amer.Foreign Relation2
LAW 280U.S. Antitrust and International Competition Law2
LAW 375U.S. Taxation of International Transactions3
EXPERIENTIAL AND CAPSTONE COURSES (minimum 3 units)
LAW 865Immigration Clinic3
LAW 681International Business Agreements1
LAW 637International Commercial Arbitration1-3
LAW 608International and Foreign Legal Research1-2
LAW 689International Investor - State Arbitration3
LAW 631International Negotiations2
LAW 621International Water Resources Law Seminar3
LAW 669Lawyering Across Borders2
15 units minimum

Tax Concentration

Benjamin Franklin once remarked that nothing was certain except death and taxes. And for attorneys with expertise in tax, that means only one thing: job security. McGeorge offers a number of elective tax courses and a specialized curriculum leading to a J.D. degree with a Tax Concentration. Graduates with a concentration in tax law often find employment opportunities as tax, business, or estate planning specialists in private firms, accounting firms, the government, business ventures, and charitable organizations.

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume. This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. Students must schedule an appointment with the Faculty Director to plan their required curriculum and activities.

Requirements

  • A minimum of 14 units is required to complete a Tax Concentration.
  • Students must complete all of the required courses. For scheduling purposes, please note that Federal Income Taxation is a prerequisite to Taxation of Partnerships and S Corporations and Taxation of Real Estate Transactions. Federal Income Taxation must be completed before, or concurrently with, Taxation of Corporations and Shareholders. 
  • In addition to the required courses, students must complete one course from the electives list.
CORE COURSES (complete all)UNITS
LAW 300Federal Income Taxation3
LAW 310Taxation of Corporations and Shareholders3
LAW 314Taxation of Partnerships and S Corporations3
ELECTIVE COURSES (complete two courses)
LAW 302Estate and Gift Tax/Estate Planning3
LAW 325Taxation of Real Estate Transactions3
LAW 375U.S. Taxation of International Transactions3
Externship with a tax law focus (advanced written approval required)
14 units minimum

Questions?

Contact Christine Manolakas, Director, Tax Concentration
Email | 916.739.7110

Trial & Appellate Advocacy Concentration

Students who wish to become litigators receive specialized practical training to prepare for careers in litigation, civil and/or criminal trial and appellate work, or dispute resolution. A wide range of courses enables students to learn and demonstrate competencies in writing, appellate and trial advocacy, evidence, trial preparation and conduct, alternative dispute resolution, negotiation, and counseling and representation of clients.

How to Apply

Apply by submitting the online application, which requires that you attach your resume. This application should be submitted at your earliest stages of planning, and in no case may be submitted after the Add/Drop Deadline of your final law school term. The Faculty Director will schedule a meeting with the applicant if required.

Explore a Criminal Justice Concentration

Related Activities

Externships — Students perform on-site legal work as externs under the supervision of externship supervisors in government agencies that specialize in criminal law, including local, state and federal agencies such as the California Attorney General's Office, the Sacramento County District Attorney's Office and the U.S. Attorney's Office.

Legal Clinics — McGeorge features legal clinics that allow students to represent clients in actual criminal law proceedings under the supervision of a professor expert in a specific field. Our Federal Defender Clinic is one of only two in the country where students defend misdemeanor charges in U.S. District Court. The Prisoner Civil Rights Mediation Clinic and the Criminal Appellate Advocacy Clinic also allow students to work with real-world clients.

Students must complete the required and elective courses designated below. With prior written approval, the Concentration Director may vary the requirements of this program in individual cases for good cause. A minimum of 18 units are required for the Trial & Appellate Advocacy Concentration.

CORE COURSES UNITS
LAW 182Global Lawyering Skills II2
LAW 812Trial Advocacy ((required))3
Pretrial Advocacy (complete one)
LAW 809Civil Pretrial Litigation2
LAW 804Criminal Pretrial Litigation2
LAW 821Taking and Defending Depositions2
LAW 895Federal Pretrial/Trial Litigation Seminar2
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) (complete one)
LAW 308Art of Plea Bargaining1 or 2
LAW 801Arbitration: Advocacy and Practice1
LAW 802Negotiation and Settlements Seminar2 or 3
LAW 526Mediation2-3
LAW 826Negotiating Disputes Into Deals2
Capstone (complete one)
LAW 815Advanced Trial Advocacy3
LAW 807Advanced Appellate Advocacy Seminar2
LAW 970Mock Trial Team1-3
LAW 972Moot Court Competition Teams2
Experiential (complete one course)
Legal Clinic Externship with a litigation or ADR focus (advance written approval required) 13
ELECTIVE COURSES (complete one)
LAW 400Advanced Criminal Procedure2
LAW 442Alternatives to Litigation in Family Law2
LAW 882California Parole Hearings and Litigation1
LAW 480Capital Punishment Law3
LAW 541Civil Rights Litigation2-3
LAW 709Criminal Law Defenses2
LAW 490Expert and Scientific Evidence2
LAW 545Federal Courts3
LAW 465Federal Habeas Corpus3
LAW 619International Criminal Law2-3
LAW 209Local Agency Practice2
LAW 706Persuasive Public Speaking2
LAW 561Representing Local Agencies1
LAW 441Trial Skills in Family Law2
LAW 410White Collar Crime2
18 units minimum

1 Students who have been granted a waiver from the graduation experiential requirement are not relieved of this Concentration experiential requirement. However, they may apply for such waiver, submitting proof of substantial other practicum/experiential courses beyond those already included in the Concentration requirements. Application must be made to the Faculty Director in writing via email.

Questions?

Contact Professor Jay Leach, Director, Trial & Appellate Advocacy Concentration
Email | 916.739.7002