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Orthodontics (OR)

Department Chairperson

Robert L. Boyd
Professor of Orthodontics

Program Director

HeeSoo Oh
Associate Professor of Orthodontics

Clinical Director

M. Gabrielle Thodas
Assistant Professor of Orthodontics

Director of the Pre-doctoral Program

Mohamed S. Fallah
Associate Professor of Orthodontics

Director of the Craniofacial Research Instrumentation Laboratory (CRIL)

Sheldon Baumrind
Professor of Orthodontics

Associate Director of the Craniofacial Research Instrumentation Laboratory (CRIL)

HeeSoo Oh
Associate Professor of Orthodontics

Director of the Cleft Lip and Palate Prevention Program

Marie Milena Tolarova
Professor of Orthodontics


A

Maryse M. Aubert
Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, University Paris V, Dentistry, 1976
MA, University of the Pacific, Education, 1994
MA, University of the Pacific, Psychology and Counseling, 1994
University of California, San Francisco, Certificate of Participation - Temporomandibular, 1996
University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1980
University Paris VII, Embriology, 1976

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B

Sheldon Baumrind
Professor of Orthodontics
BS, New York University, Chemistry, 1943
DDS, New York University, College of Dentistry, Dentistry, 1947
MS, Oregon Health Sciences University, Cell Biology, 1968
U. Oregon Dental School, Certificate in Orthodontics, 1966

Roger P. Boero
Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, College of Physicians Surgeony (UOP), Dentistry, 1964
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1995
Pomona College, 1960
University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1975

Robert L. Boyd
Professor of Orthodontics
CERT, University of Pennsylvania, Orthodontics, 1974
CERT, University of Pennsylvania, Periodontics, 1972
DDS, Temple University, Dentistry, 1970
Indiana University, Biology, 1966
Med, University of Florida, Dental Education, 1981

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F

Mohamed S. Fallah
Associate Professor of Orthodontics
BSD, University of London, UK, Dental Surgery, 1969
MSD, University of Pittsburgh, Dental Science, 1976
University of Pittsburgh, Certificate - Clinical Intership, 1974
University of Pittsburgh, Certificate - Orthodontics, 1976

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K

Katherine Kieu
Instructor of Orthodontics
BS, University of California, Los Angeles, Biology, 2005
DDS, University of California, San Francisco, Dentistry, 2009
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 2012

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M

Kimberly A Mahood
Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of Louisville, Biology, 2000
DMD, University of Kentucky College of Dentistry, Dentistry, 2004
MSD, University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, Orthodontics, 2010
University of Kentucky College of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2005
University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, Advanced General Dentistry, 2007

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O

HeeSoo Oh
Associate Professor of Orthodontics
Chonnam National University Hospital, Korea, Pediatric Dentistry, 1992
DDS, Chonnam National University School of Dentistry, Korea, Dentistry, 1989
MS, Chonnam National University, School of Dentistry, Korea, Pediatric Dentistry, 1992
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni, School of Dentistry, Orthodontics, 2005
PhD, Chonnam National University, School of Dentistry, Korea, Oral Biology, 1999
University of the Pacific, School of Dentistry, Graduate Residency Program - AEGD, 2001

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P

Joorok Park
Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BA, University of California, Berkeley, Molecular and Cell Biology, 2001
DMD, University of Pennsylvania, School of Dental Medicine, Dental Medicine, 2006
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, Certificate, Orthodontics, 2008

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T

M. Gabrielle Thodas
Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, Oregon State University, Biology, 1972
DDS, University of the Pacific, General Dentistry, 1977
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1995

Miroslav Tolar
Associate Professor of Orthodontics
MD, Charles University School of Medicine, 1965
PhD, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Charles University School of Medicine, Postgraduate Program in Physiology, 1970
Unviersity of California in San Francisco, Postgraduate course in biostatistics biomodeling, 1993

Marie Milena Tolarova
Professor of Orthodontics
Board Cert, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Prague, Czechoslovakia, Medical Genetics, Board Certificate, 1985
Board Cert, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Prague, Czechoslovakia, Pediatrics, Board Certificate, 1985
DSc, Czechoslovak Academy of Scineces, Prague, Czechoslovakia, Medical Genetics, 1986
Gymnasium, Tabor, Czechoslovakia, College education, 1959
MD, Charles University Schhol of Medicine, Medicine, 1965
PhD, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Charles University School of Medicine, Prague, Czechoslovakia, Human Genetics, 1979

Walied Touni
Instructor of Orthodontics
BDS, CAIRO University, Cairo, Egypt, denistry, 1994
Cairo University, Egypt, prosthodontics, 1998
Cairo Univversity, Egypt, General Practice Residency, 1995
Faculty of Sciences, Cairo, Egypt, Preliminary Natural Sciences (certificate), 1990
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, orthodontics, 2012

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Y

Jennifer Yau
Instructor of Orthodontics
BS, University of the Pacific, Biology, 2009
DDS, University of California, Los Angeles, Doctor of Dental Surgery,, 2013
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, icate in Orthodontics,, 2015

A

Arash Abolfazlian
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Industrial Technology and Biology, 2007
DDS, University of the Pacific, Dentistry, 2011
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 2013

Hesham Amer
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BDS, Cairo University (Cairo, Egypt), General Dentistry, 1995
MS, University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, Orthodontics, 2001

Christopher Anderson
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, Santa Clara University, Bilogy, 2001
DDS, University of the Pacific, Dentistry, 2004
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 2006

Maryse M. Aubert
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, University Paris V, Dentistry, 1976
University Paris VII, Embriology, 1976
University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1980
MA, University of the Pacific, Education, 1994
MA, University of the Pacific, Psychology and Counseling, 1994
University of California, San Francisco, Certificate of Participation - Temporomandibular, 1996

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B

Kathleen M. Bales
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BA, University of the Pacific, Applied Science, 2000
DDS, University of the Pacific, Dentistry, 2003
MS, UCLA School of Orthodontics, M.S. in Oral Biology, 2006

Thomas Reed Bales
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
University of California Davis, 1971
DDS, University of the Pacific, School of Dentistry, Dental, 1974
certificat, UCLA, Orthodontics, 1976

Carol T. Bongiovanni
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Biology, 1989
DMD, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Magna Cum Laude, 1993
Cert, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Orthodontics, 1995

Matthew K Bruner
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
Interlake High School, 1990
BS, Pacific Lutheran University, Biology, 1994
DDS, Loma Linda University School of Dentistry, Dentistry, 1998
Army, Flight Surgeon Primary Course, 2000
MS, University of Louisville, Orthodontics, 2004

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C

Sean K. Carlson
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BA, University of California, Santa Barbara, Biology, 1989
DMD, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Dentistry, 1994
MS, University of California, San Francisco, Oral Biology, 1998
University of California, San Francisco, Orthodontics Certificate, 1998

Kevin W. Carrington
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, St. Mary's College, Moraga, CA, 1980
DDS, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, Dentistry, 1984
MA, Howard University, Washington DC, Orthodontics, 1987

Thad Champlin
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
AA, Santa Monica College, Pre-Dent, 1963
BS, Cal State University Long Beach, Zoology (Pre-Dent), 1965
DDS, USC, Dentistry, 1969
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1984

Vanessa Chong
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
Other, Appleby College, 2006
Other, University of Western Ontario, Honours Pathology and Toxicology Program, 2009
DDS, University of Toronto, Doctor of Dental Surgery (awarded with honours), 2013

Lani Chun
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of Utah, Major: Sociology Minor: Chemistry, 1994
DDS, New York University College of Dentistry, Doctor of Dental Surgery, 1999
Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center, Hospital Based General Practice, 2000
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 2008

Sarah Chung
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of the Pacific, Biological Sciences, 2003
DDS, University of California San Francisco, dental, 2007
MSD, University of the Pacific, orthodontics, 2012

William A Cole
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
BA, Washington and Jefferson College, Biology, 1981
DMD, New Jersey Dental School, Dental, 1983
Cert, University of California, San Francisco, Orthodontics, 1986

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D

Sam W. Daher
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
DCS, Vanier College, Health Sciences, 1988
McGill University, Pre-Dentistry, 1990
DDS, McGill University, Dentistry, 1994
MS, Universite de Montreal, Orthodontics, 2006

Bill Dischinger
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
Lake Oswego High School, 1990
BS, Oregon State University, Pre Dental, 1994
DMD, Oregon Health Sciences University, Dentistry, 1997
Tufts University, Certificate in Orthodontics, 1999

Terry Dischinger
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, Univ. Of Tennessee, 1973
Univ. Of Oregon, Orthodontics, 1977

Steven A. Dugoni
Adjunct Professor of Orthodontics
DMD, Tufts University, 1979
MSD, University of the Pacific, 1981

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F

Daniel Frey
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
Gettysburg College, Focus in Biology, 2006
University of Pittsburgh, Focus in Biology, Pre-Dental Concentration, 2009
DMD, Temple University - Kornberg School of Dentistry, Dentistry, 2013

Stuart Lund Frost
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
Eastman School of Dentistry, Certificate in TMJD, 1988
Arizona State University, 1989
Mesa Community College, 1989
DDS, University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, Dentistry, 1992
University of Rochester, Eastman Dental Center, Certificate in Orthodontics, 2000

Robert W Fry
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, U of Missouri Kansas City, 1973
MS, Univ of North Carolina, Orthodontics, 1977

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G

Elyse Garibaldi
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
Archbishop Mitty High School, 2004
BS, University of California Los Angeles, biology, 2008
DDS, University of Southern California, School of Dentistry, dentistry, 2012
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, orthodontics, 2014

Garry G Gast
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, Oregon State Univ., 1967
San Francisco State, 1968
DDS, University Of Detroit, 1972
Cert., Univ. of Calif. San Francisco, Orthodontics, 1977

John P. Gibbs
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of Nebraska, Nebraska, 1954
DDS, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Nebraska, Doctor of Dental Surgery, 1956
Other, University of Nebraska, Nebraska, Orthodontics, 1960

Jonathan Gluck
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
BS, University of Michigan, BioPsychology, 2008
DDS, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentsitry, dentistry, 2012
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, orthodontics, 2014

Robert E Griffin
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
Univ. of Colorado, 1959
DDS, Northwestern Univ, 1963
Columbia University, Orthodontics, 1968

Cheryl Guerrero
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
BS, Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo, Business Administration, 2003
DDS, UC San Francisco, Dentistry, 2013

Nadim Guirguis
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
University of Nevada Las Vegas, Biology, 2007
DMD, University of Nevada Las Vegas School of Dental Medicine, dentistry, 2011

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H

Robert S. Haeger
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
University of Michigan, 1983
MS, University of Illinois At Chicago, Orthodontics, 1989
DDS, University of Michigan, Dental, 2011

Stephen J. Hannon
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, Washington Lee University, Chemistry, 1971
DDS, Georgetown University, Dentistry, 1975
MS, West Virginia University, Orthodontics, 1978

Harry H. Hatasaka
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
University of Colorado, 1947
DDS, Northwestern University, 1954
U.S. Public Health Service Hospital, 1955
MSD, University of Washington, 1960

David C. Hatcher
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
BA, Central Washington State College (1969), Biology
Columbia Basin Comm. College, Pasco, Washington (1967), Biology
DDS, University of Washington, Seattle (1973), Dentistry
M.R.C.D., University of Toronto, Ontario Canada (1983), Oral Radiology
M.Sc., University of Toronto, Ontario Canada (1983), Oral Radiology
University of Vermont Medical Center (1976), General Practice Residency
University of Washington, Seattle (1965), Biology
University of Washington, Seattle (1968), Biology
Wesern Washington State College (1969), Biology

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I

Timothy D Irish
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BA, Univ. Of CA San Diego, 06/1987, 1987
DDS, Univ. of the Pacific, 06/1990, 1990
Univ. of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1992

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K

Paul M Kasrovi
Adjunct Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of Southern Cal (USC), Biomedical Engineering, 1984
MS, University of Pennsylvania, Electrical Engineering, 1986
DDS, UCSF, Dental Sciences, 1992
MS, UCSF, orthodontics, oral biology, 1995

Rebecca B Keller
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
Livermore High School, High School Diploma, 1993
University of Southern California, 1995
DDS, University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, dentistry, 1998
certificat, Harvard - Wide General Practice Residency, Hospital Based General Practice Residency, 1999
BA, University of the Pacific, Applied Sciences (awarded in 2000), 2000
certificat, University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, orthodontics, 2003
MSD, University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, orthodontics, 2003

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L

Jordan Lamberton
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of California Irvine, sociology, 2005
DDS, University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, dentistry, 2009
MSD, University of Colorado: Denver School of Dental Medicine, orthodontics, 2012

Jetson Scott Lee
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
AB, University of Califonria, Berkeley, CA, Biological Sciences
DDS, University of the Pacific, School of Dentistry, Dentistry
MSD, University of the Pacific, School of Dentistry, Orthodontics

Victor S. Lee
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
Beijing University, completed two courses of Chinese (Mandarin) Langua, 2002
BS, University of California, Davis, Neurology, Physiology and Behavior: Exercise Biol, 2007
Kyoto Seika University, completed three courses of Japanese Language, 2007
DDS, University of California, Los Angeles School of Dentistry, Dentistry, 2011
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 2013

Donald W. Linck II
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, University of California School, San Francisco, 1963
Columbia University, Orthodontics, 1965

Kenny Liu
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
BS, University of California Irvine, biology, 2002
DDS, University of the Pacific, dentistry, 2005
University of the Pacific, Craniofacial Genetic Research Fellow, 2011

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M

Justin Maccaro
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
BS, Boston College, Biology, Chemistry, 2009
DMD, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, DMD, 2013

Laura Mancini
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
Other, McGill University, Pre Dental in Health Science, 2009
DMD, McGill University, Dentistry, 2013
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, Orthodontics, 2015

Cameron K. Mashouf
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, University of Tehran, Dentistry, 1967
University of California, Berkeley, Physiology, 1970
Loyola University, Chicago, Certificate in Orthodontics, 1972

Laurie McCullough
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
Diablo Valley College, 2005
University of Queensland, Australia, year-long undergraduate study abroad program, 2006
BS, University of California, Davis, biological sciences, 2007
DDS, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, dentistry, 2011
University of Florida, orthodontic internship, 2012
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, orthodontics, 2014

Setareh Mozafari
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, Azad University, School of Dentistry, Dental, 2001
DDS, University of Southern California, School of Dentistry, Dental, 2005
University of Rochester, Eastman Dental Center, Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 2007

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P

Cheol-Ho Paik
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, Seoul National University, Dental College, Dentistry, 1983
PhD, Tsurumi University, Dental School, Orthodontics, 1990

Sheetal Patil
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
College of Engineering, Electrical Engineering, 1990
BDS, Govt. of Dental College Hospital, Dentistry, 1996

Iroshini Perera
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
BS, University of California Los Angeles, Psychobiology, 2004
DDS, University of Southern California, School of Dentistry, dentistry, 2012
MSD, University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, Orthodontics, 2014

Thomas R. Pitts
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, Univeristy of the Pacific, 1965
MSD, Univeristy of Washington, 1970
Univeristy of Washington, Certificate, 1970

John M. Pobanz
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
Utah State University, Predental Studies
Weber State University, Predental Studies
DDS, University of Nebraska College of Dentistry, dental, 1996
MS, University of Nebraska College of Dentistry, orthodontics, 1998

Jesse Punch
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
BSc, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Biology, 2009
DMD, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Dentistry, 2013
MSD, University of the Pacific, MS in dentistry, 2015

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R

Sarah Rashid
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BDS, Kings College London, Dentistry, 1993
Royal College of Surgeons of England, Orthodontics Pedriatric Dentistry, 1996
MSc, University of London, Orthodontics, 2001
Royal College of Surgeons of England, Orthodontics, 2002

W. Ron Redmond
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
BA, U C Riverside, Zoology, 1962
DDS, University of the Pacific, Dentistry, 1966
MS, University of Southern California, Orthodontics, 1970

Michael R. Ricupito
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
BA, San Jose State University, Biological Science, Psychology minor, 1980
DDS, University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, Dentistry, 1983
MS, University of California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry, Oral Biology, 1987
University of California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry, Certificate in Orthodontics, 1987

Straty S. Righellis
Adjunct Associate Professor of Orthodontics
DDS, University of California, Los Angeles, 1971
MSD, University of California, Los Angeles, 1973

Charlene Rocha
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
AA, Chabot College, Hayward California, liberal arts, 2006
BS, University of California, San Diego, biology, 2008
DDS, University of California, San Francisco School of Dentistry, dentistry, 2012
MSD, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, orthodontics, 2014

Bert D. Rouleau
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of Vermont, Zoology, Botany, 1975
DMD, Tufts University, Dentistry, 1978
MS, Northwestern University, Pediatric Dentistry, 1980
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1982

Bertrand Aaron Rouleau
Adjunct Instructor of Orthodontics
Tufts University, 2003
BA, University of San Diego, Psychology, 2007
Other, University of San Francisco, Biological Sciences, 2007
DDS, University of the Pacific, Dentistry, 2011

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S

L. William Schmohl
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of California Berkeley, Business Admin, 1966
U.S. Naval Hospital, Oakland, CA, Externship, 1969
DDS, University of California San Francisco, Dentistry, 1970
MS, Case Western Reserve University, Orthodontics, 1974

Kenneth Shimizu
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of California, Berkeley, Biology, 1980
DDS, University of the Pacific, Dentistry, 1985
MSD, University of the Pacific, Orthodontics, 1987

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V

Adrian M. Vogt
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, University of Western Ontario, Pharmacology Toxicology, 1988
DDS, University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, General Dentistry, 1992
MSD, University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, Orthodontics, 1994
University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, Certificate in Orthodontics, 1994

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W

Eric C. Wu
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Orthodontics
BS, Revelle College, University of California San Diego, Biochemistry/Cell Biology, 1995
DMD, University of Pennsylvania, School of Dental Medicine, 2000
University of California Los Angeles, Advanced Education in General Dentistry, 2001
Katz Graduate School of Business, University of Pittsburgh, MBA Certificate program, 2004
University of Pittsburgh, Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 2005

Course Descriptions

Predoctoral Courses

OR 144. Human Growth and Development. 1 Unit.

Study of the basic mechanisms of human growth and development with emphasis on craniofacial development. Study of the development of the dentition and occlusion and introduction to malocclusion and its classification. (10 hours lecture. Quarter 3.).

OR 244. Orthodontics. 2 Units.

An introduction to orthodontic diagnostic procedures, comprehensive treatment planning, and various treatment modalities as applied to a full range of malocclusions in a general dental practice. A strong emphasis is placed on the use of the Invisalign appliance and its application in general practice. Other orthodontic appliances covered will be the functional appliance as it relates to early orthodontic treatment and the edgewise appliance in full comprehensive cases. Orthognathic surgical cases and use of microimplants for anchorage will also be reviewed. (20 hours lecture. Quarters 4-5.).

OR 249. Preclinical Orthodontics. 1 Unit.

This preclinical course introduces students to various removable and fixed appliances with primary focus on their application for minor orthodontic movement. Laboratory instruction addresses such areas as fabrication of removable and fixed appliances, cementation of bands, bonding of brackets and placement of arch wires. Lateral head films are traced, measured, analyzed, and discussed with regard to norms and growth patterns. The course also introduces students to 3-D computer technology for the manufacturing of the Invisalign system appliance and the use of this appliance in general practice. Emphasis is placed on critical self-evaluation skills. (12 hours seminar. Quarter 8.).

OR 348. Applied Orthodontics. 1 Unit.

A study of standard orthodontic records and their application to diagnosis, treatment planning, and treatment evaluation in the mixed and permanent dentitions. Lateral head films are traced, measured, analyzed, and discussed with regard to norms and growth patterns. Facial soft tissue surface mapping using volumetric imagining technology and 3-D imagining software will be introduced. Students will present cases incorporating dental records, study models, cephalometric analysis, photographs, arch length and tooth size discrepancy analysis to explain diagnostic, treatment planning, and treatment procedures. (12 hours seminar, 6 hours graduate orthodontic clinic. Quarters 9-10.).

Graduate Courses

OR 401. Cephalometrics. 4 Units.

This course introduces students to the use of cephalometric radiographs in clinical orthodontics. Students will learn basic principles of cephalometry, the historical significance of cephalometry, and how to interpret various cephalometric analyses that are most commonly used in diagnosis and treatment planning. At the end of this course, students should be able to perform various methods of superimposition in order to identify and understand changes that occurred during growth and treatment between different lateral cephalometric radiographs. (Quarters 1-2.).

OR 402. Facial Growth. 4 Units.

This course reviews scientific literature covering basic biological principles on craniofacial growth and development. This course focuses on the basic mechanisms of postnatal growth of the cranium, nasomaxillary complex and mandible, and the clinical application of facial growth principles. (Quarters 3-4.).

OR 403. Critical Thinking. 3 Units.

In this course, students will learn foundational knowledge on scientific methods, design a sound research project and critically evaluate literature in their area. (Quarters 2-4.).

OR 404. Research Practicum and Thesis I. 4 Units.

In this independent research course, students work with research mentors to develop research questions, formulate hypotheses and write a formal research proposal that includes a full literature review, statement of material and methods, execution of the research, and appropriate analysis and interpretation of data. This course is designed to enable successful completion of the MS thesis. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 410. Biomechanics. 7 Units.

This seminar-based course introduces fundamental concepts for understanding the laws of mechanics and biological responses to force systems used in orthodontic force systems and appliances. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 411. Craniofacial Biology & Genetics. 6 Units.

In order to build a solid foundation for clinical orthodontic treatment, this course specifically focuses on human craniofacial growth and development and on craniofacial genetics, helping students to understand concepts related to the nature and control of normal and abnormal craniofacial growth. The course is divided into three consecutive quarters: Normal Human Growth and Development (1Q),  Advanced Basic Science (2Q), Abnormal Growth and Development (3Q). (Quarters 1-3.).

OR 412. Cleft Lip & Palate/Craniofacial Anomolies. 2 Units.

The course focuses on introducing a multidisciplinary approach to treating patients with cleft lip and palate and other craniofacial anomalies (CFA). A state-of-the art approach in the management of CFA patients is based on current literature and seminars covering etiology and epidemiology, recurrence risk, and primary prevention. While this course emphasizes orthodontics (which includes naso-alveolar molding), surgical treatment, speech problems and psychological issues are also covered. (Quarter 4.).

OR 413. Cleft Medical Missions Seminar. 2 Units.

This course consists of seminars and practical exercises in making appliances to prepare residents to be actively involved in the treatment of patients with cleft lip and palate and other craniofacial anomalies by participating in medical and dental missions in developing and undeveloped countries. (Quarters 1-2.).

OR 414. Introduction to Contemporary Orthodontics. 5 Units.

This course introduces basic artistic skills in contemporary orthodontics. Students will review the basic concepts of photography, direct bonding of fixed appliances, 3D imaging, 3D cephalometric analysis, and digital imaging software (2D and 3D). (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 420. Bone Biology. 1 Unit.

This seminar course is designed for first year residents to review basic concepts and theories of bone biology, orthodontic tooth movement, and osseointegration of orthodontic microimplants. (Quarter 4.).

OR 421. Current Literature Seminar I. 4 Units.

In this seminar series, students review articles appearing in orthodontic and related journals. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 422. Anatomy. 1 Unit.

This course provides a detailed review of anatomic structures of the craniofacial region. Lecture topics include osteology of the skull, innervation and blood supply of the face, muscles of facial expression and mastication, and anatomy of the oral cavity. (Quarter 1.).

OR 423. Comprehensive Case Analysis Seminar I. 4 Units.

Topics in this seminar series include the clinical application of various diagnostic procedures and treatment philosophies, the presentation of practical procedures in the management of unusual problems that can arise during the course of treatment, basic and applied principles of photography, and advances in computer technology. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 424. Treatment Planning Seminar I. 4 Units.

In this seminar series, first-year residents prepare a case presentation to share initial diagnostic records to diagnose and treatment plan orthodontic cases. All students then participate in free-format discussion. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 426. Principles of Orthodontic Technique. 5 Units.

This course is designed to provide basic principles on orthodontic tooth movement and fixed appliances by working on typodonts. (Quarters 1-2.).

OR 430. Surgical-Orthodontic Treatment. 6 Units.

This seminar-based course covers basic concepts involved in surgical orthodontics, which include diagnosis and treatment planning, pre-surgical orthodontics, surgical procedures utilized by oral surgeons, and post-surgical orthodontics. Topics such as TMJ disorders, Distraction Osteogenesis, and Obstructive Sleep Apnea are also discussed. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 431. Orthognathic Surgery Seminar I. 4 Units.

This seminar series for the orthodontic and oral surgery residents emphasizes diagnosis, treatment planning, management of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment, and understanding of treatment outcome and stability. This course consists of case presentations by the Orthodontic and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery faculty and residents. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 432. Multidisciplinary Seminar I. 4 Units.

This seminar series covers treatment of patients with complex dental and skeletal orthodontic, periodontal, and restorative problems that require input from a variety of dental specialties. The teaching format includes case presentations by the residents and open discussions of interdisciplinary topics. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 433. Retention Seminar I. 1 Unit.

In this seminar series, each second-year resident presents on a long-term post-retention patient whose active orthodontic treatment was completed at least ten years prior to the resident’s year of graduation from the program. All students and faculty then participate in discussion. (Quarter 4.).

OR 434. Introduction to Invisalign. 1 Unit.

Th purpose of this course is to introduce basic knowledge on clinical applications of Invisalign treatment, while also incorporating the latest treatment protocols. (Quarter 1.).

OR 456. Clinical Orthodontics I. 30 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in treating orthodontic patients with a variety of problems. Various orthopedic appliances, including the headgear, face mask, rapid maxillary expander and other fixed auxillary appliances (LLA, TPA, Wilson distalizer) may be incorporated into specific treatment protocols. Topics also include other appliance systems such as edgewise appliance (.018 & .022" slot), TAD, self-ligating brackets, fixed-functional appliance (Herbst, Forsus), and Invisalign for adolescent and adult patients. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 457. Mixed Dentition Orthodontics I. 8 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in treating various malocclusions in the mixed dentition stage. This course covers facial growth and occlusal development in the mixed dentition, diagnosis and treatment planning for mixed dentition cases, and evaluating growth changes and treatment outcomes. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 458. Surgical Orthodontics I. 2 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in analyzing diagnostic records, formulating surgical orthodontic treatment plans for patients with major skeletal and dental disharmonies, integration of surgical and orthodontic treatment, communication with surgeons, pre-and post- surgical orthodotnic treatment, and evaluation of treatment outcomes. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 459. Clinical Orthodontics in Craniofacial Anomalies I. 2 Units.

In this series, students will provide orthodontic treatment to patients with craniofacial anomalies in the graduate clinic and attend panels provided by comprehensive KAISER and Oakland Children's Hospital Craniofacial Anomalies Teams. (Quarters 1-4.).

OR 501. Principles of Orthodontics. 8 Units.

In this literature-based seminar, residents participate in discussion with emphasis on the critical analysis and evaluation of the scientific methodology in the literature reviewed, and the clinical application of the material. Topics include Principles of Orthodontics Introduction, Biomechanics, Facial growth, Retention & Relapse, Functional appliances, Intraoral forces, Mandibular motion & Tooth contact, Maxillo-Mandibular references, and Occlusal treatment objectives. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 502. Microimplant & Bone Biology I. 6 Units.

This course provides comprehensive review of the factors related to safety and stability of orthodontic microimplants and their clinical application in orthodontic treatment. Students will present their own clinical cases that utilized microimplants. (Quarters 5-7.).

OR 503. Research Design I. 4 Units.

This advanced course covers the nature of hypothesis testing, the process of clinical decision making, and the statistical methodology to be employed in each student’s thesis project. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 504. Research Practicum and Thesis II. 4 Units.

In this independent research course, students work with research mentors to develop research questions, formulate hypotheses and write a formal research proposal that includes a full literature review, statement of material and methods, execution of the research, and appropriate analysis and interpretation of data. This course is designed to enable successful completion of the MS thesis. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 510. Periodontic-Orthodontic Relations. 8 Units.

The first part of this course covers the Orthodontic-Restorative-Periodontal Interface, including esthetic and functional considerations, periodontal and other benefits of two-phase orthodontic treatment, clinical considerations of orthodontic root resorption, periodontal considerations in the orthodontic treatment of impacted teeth, and Invisalign treatment. The second part of this course covers the latest innovations from Invisalign and their application to Complex class, I, II, and III Malocclusions. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 511. Practice Management I. 3 Units.

This course covers basic concepts of practice management, including human resource management, management systems, marketing, legal aspects of orthodontics, associateships/practice ownership, and customer service. The format of this course includes guest lectures by orthodontists, orthodontic consultants, and other professionals connected to the specialty of orthodontics, as well as private practice office visits. (Quarters 6-8.).

OR 512. Preparation for Specialty Examination. 1 Unit.

This course will prepare students for the American Board of Orthodontics written exam by reviewing basic sciences and clinical concepts in orthodontics. (Quarter 7.).

OR 513. TMD & Orthodontics. 1 Unit.

This course covers the ramifications of orthodontic treatment on the stomatognathic system, the intricacies of the interrelationship between the occlusion and the TMJ, and basic management of TMD symptoms. (Quarter 5.).

OR 521. Current Literature Seminar II. 4 Units.

In this seminar series, students review articles appearing in orthodontic and related journals. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 523. Comprehensive Case Analysis Seminar II. 4 Units.

Topics in this seminar series include the clinical application of various diagnostic procedures and treatment philosophies, the presentation of practical procedures in the management of unusual problems that can arise during the course of treatment, basic and applied principles of photography, and advances in computer technology. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 524. Treatment Planning Seminar II. 4 Units.

In this seminar series, first-year residents prepare a case presentation to share initial diagnostic records to diagnose and treatment plan orthodontic cases. All students then participate in free-format discussion. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 531. Orthognathic Surgery Seminar II. 4 Units.

This seminar series for the orthodontic and oral surgery residents emphasizes diagnosis, treatment planning, management of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment, and understanding of treatment outcome and stability. This course consists of case presentations by the Orthodontic and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery faculty and residents. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 532. Multidisciplinary Seminar II. 4 Units.

This seminar series covers treatment of patients with complex dental and skeletal orthodontic, periodontal, and restorative problems that require input from a variety of dental specialties. The teaching format includes case presentations by the residents and open discussions of interdisciplinary topics. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 533. Retention Seminar II. 1 Unit.

In this seminar series, each second-year resident presents on a long-term post-retention patient whose active orthodontic treatment was completed at least ten years prior to the resident’s year of graduation from the program. All students and faculty then participate in discussion. (Quarter 8.).

OR 556. Clinical Orthodontics II. 40 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in treating orthodontic patients with a variety of problems. Various orthopedic appliances, including the headgear, face mask, rapid maxillary expander and other fixed auxillary appliances (LLA, TPA, Wilson distalizer) may be incorporated into specific treatment protocols. Topics also include other appliance systems such as edgewise appliance (.018 & .022" slot), TAD, self-ligating brackets, fixed-functional appliance (Herbst, Forsus), and Invisalign for adolescent and adult patients. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 557. Mixed Dentition Orthodontics II. 8 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in treating various malocclusions in the mixed dentition stage. This course covers facial growth and occlusal development in the mixed dentition, diagnosis and treatment planning for mixed dentition cases, and evaluating growth changes and treatment outcomes. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 558. Surgical Orthodontics II. 2 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in analyzing diagnostic records, formulating surgical orthodontic treatment plans for patients with major skeletal and dental disharmonies, integration of surgical and orthodontic treatment, communication with surgeons, pre-and post- surgical orthodotnic treatment, and evaluation of treatment outcomes. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 559. Clinical Orthodontics in Craniofacial Anomalies II. 2 Units.

In this series, students will provide orthodontic treatment to patients with craniofacial anomalies in the graduate clinic and attend panels provided by comprehensive KAISER and Oakland Children's Hospital Craniofacial Anomalies Teams. (Quarters 5-8.).

OR 601. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders. 1 Unit.

This course provides an overview of clinical anatomy and mechanics of the TMJ, pathogenesis of degenerative TMD disorders, and various approaches on the management of TMD. (Quarter 9.).

OR 602. Microimplant & Bone Biology II. 1 Unit.

This course provides comprehensive review of the factors related to safety and stability of orthodontic microimplants and their clinical application in orthodontic treatment. Students will present their own clinical cases that utilized microimplants. (Quarter 9.).

OR 603. Research Design II. 1 Unit.

This advanced course covers the nature of hypothesis testing, the process of clinical decision making, and the statistical methodology to be employed in each student’s thesis project. (Quarter 9.).

OR 604. Research Practicum and Thesis III. 6 Units.

In this independent research course, students work with research mentors to develop research questions, formulate hypotheses and write a formal research proposal that includes a full literature review, statement of material and methods, execution of the research, and appropriate analysis and interpretation of data. This course is designed to enable successful completion of the MS thesis. (Quarter 9.).

OR 611. Practice Management II. 1 Unit.

This course covers basic concepts of practice management, including human resource management, management systems, marketing, legal aspects of orthodontics, associateships/practice ownership, and customer service. The format of this course includes guest lectures by orthodontists, orthodontic consultants, and other professionals connected to the specialty of orthodontics, as well as private practice office visits. (Quarter 9.).

OR 612. Ethics. 1 Unit.

This is an intermediate-advanced course that builds on undergraduate ethics instruction and focuses on issues unique to orthodontic practice. Students will reflect on and discuss real-life cases that exemplify typical ethical problems in orthodontics. (Quarter 9.).

OR 613. Orthodontics Speaker Series. 2 Units.

In this course, guest speakers deliver lectures on a variety of orthodontic topics. (Quarter 9.).

OR 621. Current Literature Seminar III. 1 Unit.

In this seminar series, students review articles appearing in orthodontic and related journals. (Quarter 9.).

OR 623. Comprehensive Case Analysis Seminar III. 1 Unit.

Topics in this seminar series include the clinical application of various diagnostic procedures and treatment philosophies, the presentation of practical procedures in the management of unusual problems that can arise during the course of treatment, basic and applied principles of photography, and advances in computer technology. (Quarter 9.).

OR 624. Treatment Planning Seminar III. 1 Unit.

In this seminar series, first-year residents prepare a case presentation to share initial diagnostic records to diagnose and treatment plan orthodontic cases. All students then participate in free-format discussion. (Quarter 9.).

OR 631. Orthognathic Surgery Seminar III. 1 Unit.

This seminar series for the orthodontic and oral surgery residents emphasizes diagnosis, treatment planning, management of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment, and understanding of treatment outcome and stability. This course consists of case presentations by the Orthodontic and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery faculty and residents. (Quarter 9.).

OR 632. Multidisciplinary Seminar III. 1 Unit.

This seminar series covers treatment of patients with complex dental and skeletal orthodontic, periodontal, and restorative problems that require input from a variety of dental specialties. The teaching format includes case presentations by the residents and open discussions of interdisciplinary topics. (Quarter 9.).

OR 656. Clinical Orthodontics III. 10 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in treating orthodontic patients with a variety of problems. Various orthopedic appliances, including the headgear, face mask, rapid maxillary expander and other fixed auxillary appliances (LLA, TPA, Wilson distalizer) may be incorporated into specific treatment protocols. Topics also include other appliance systems such as edgewise appliance (.018 & .022" slot), TAD, self-ligating brackets, fixed-functional appliance (Herbst, Forsus), and Invisalign for adolescent and adult patients. (Quarter 9.).

OR 657. Mixed Dentition Orthodontics III. 2 Units.

This series provides clinical experience in treating various malocclusions in the mixed dentition stage. This course covers facial growth and occlusal development in the mixed dentition, diagnosis and treatment planning for mixed dentition cases, and evaluating growth changes and treatment outcomes. (Quarter 9.).

OR 658. Surgical Orthodontics III. 1 Unit.

This series provides clinical experience in analyzing diagnostic records, formulating surgical orthodontic treatment plans for patients with major skeletal and dental disharmonies, integration of surgical and orthodontic treatment, communication with surgeons, pre-and post- surgical orthodotnic treatment, and evaluation of treatment outcomes. (Quarter 9.).

OR 659. Clinical Orthodontics in Craniofacial Anomalies III. 1 Unit.

In this series, students will provide orthodontic treatment to patients with craniofacial anomalies in the graduate clinic and attend panels provided by comprehensive KAISER and Oakland Children's Hospital Craniofacial Anomalies Teams. (Quarter 9.).